Adaptive Backgrounds with jQuery

A jQuery plugin for extracting dominant colors from images and applying it to its parent.

Adaptive Backgrounds with jQueryAdaptive Backgrounds with jQuery Adaptive Backgrounds with jQuery Adaptive Backgrounds with jQuery Adaptive Backgrounds with jQuery Adaptive Backgrounds with jQuery


Getting Started

Simply include jQuery and the script in your page, then run the script like so:


The script looks for image(s) with the data-adaptive-background attribute:

<img src="/image.jpg" data-adaptive-background='1'>


This plugin exposes one method:

  • $ arg: opts (Object) an optional argument to be merged in with the defaults.

Default Options

  • selector String (default: 'img[data-adaptive-background="1"]') a CSS selector which denotes which images to grab/process. Ideally, this selector would start with img, to ensure we only grab and try to process actual images.
  • parent falsy (default: null) a CSS selector which denotes which parent to apply the background color to. By default, the color is applied to the parent one level up the DOM tree.
  • normalizeTextColor boolean (default: false) option to normalize the color of the parent text if background color is too dark or too light
  • normalizedTextColors Object Literal (default: {dark: '#000', light: '#fff'}) text colors used when background is either too dark/light

Example: Call the run method, passing in any options you’d like to override.

var opts = {
  selector: '.some-selector',
  parent:   '.some-parent-of-some-selector'

Events Emitted

  • ab-color-found Event This event is fired when the dominant color of the image is found. The payload includes the dominant color as well as the color palette contained in the image.

Example: Subscribe to the ab-color-found event like so:

$('').on('ab-color-found', function(payload){
  console.log(payload.color);   // The dominant color in the image.
  console.log(payload.palette); // The color palette found in the image.


This plugin utlizes the <canvas> element and the ImageData object, and due to cross-site security limitations, the script will fail if one tries to extract the colors from an image not hosted on the current domain, unless the image allows for Cross Origin Resource Sharing.

Enabling CORS on S3

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To enable CORS for images hosted on S3 buckets, follow the Amazon guide here; adding the following to the bucket’s CORS configuration:


For all images, you can optionally also include a cross-origin attribute in your image. This is not absolutely necessary since the anonymous origin is set in the Javascript code, but kudos to you for being a super-developer.

<img src="/image.jpg" data-adaptive-background='1' cross-origin="anonymous"/>


This plugin is built on top of a script called RGBaster.

Created by Brian Gonzalez.


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